Advanced Pet First Aid Level 3 (VTQ)

138 videos, 6 hours and 54 minutes

Course Content

Animal bites and scratches on dogs

Video 90 of 138
2 min 37 sec
Want to watch this video? Sign up for the course or enter your email below to watch one free video.

Unlock This Video Now for FREE

This video is normally available to paying customers.
You may unlock this video for FREE. Enter your email address for instant access AND to receive ongoing updates and special discounts related to this topic.

Pet and Human First Aid for Bites and Scratches

Risks of Bites and Scratches

Understanding the Potential Dangers

While this course primarily focuses on pet care, it's essential to be prepared for both pet and human first aid situations. Having animals in your household increases the risk of bites or scratches, which can lead to infections and complications.

Risks for Both Humans and Pets

  • Bites and scratches can result in initial wounds and the risk of infection, such as Cellulitis.
  • Animals carry different bacteria in their mouths, which can be especially dangerous for children and the elderly with weaker immune systems.
  • Cats, with their pointed teeth, can penetrate deeply into tissues, potentially causing severe infections and damage to tendons and ligaments.

Understanding Cat-Scratch Diseases (CSD)

Potential Complications of Cat Bites and Scratches

Cat bites and scratches can lead to cat-scratch diseases (CSD) with symptoms typically appearing 3-10 days after the incident:

  • Swelling and redness at the wound site.
  • Pus discharge, warmth, and pain in the affected area.
  • General symptoms like fever, headache, poor appetite, and fatigue.
  • CSD is usually not severe, and medical treatment may not always be necessary.

First Aid Response

Immediate Actions for Bites and Scratches

As a first aider, ensure the safety of the scene before assisting the injured person or pet:

  • Wash the wound area with soap and warm water or a mild disinfectant solution from your first aid kit.
  • Dry the wound with clean gauze and cover it with a sterile dressing.
  • Large, deep, or torn skin wounds require professional medical attention.
  • If the wound becomes swollen, painful, or the individual becomes unwell, seek professional help, as antibiotics or other treatments may be necessary.
  • In cases of suspected rabies risk, promptly transport the patient to a vet or hospital.

Tetanus Concerns

Addressing Tetanus Risks

Contrary to common panic, tetanus injection risks from animal bites are minimal, as the disease is found in soil, not in animal mouths:

  • If the wound is dirty and the patient's tetanus vaccination status is uncertain, advise them to see a doctor immediately.