Advanced Pet First Aid Level 3 (VTQ)

137 videos, 6 hours and 55 minutes

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Elizabethan Collars

Video 31 of 137
4 min 21 sec
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What we are going to talk about now is Elizabethan Collars. Now there are different types of them. But let's look at why we have them. These collars most dogs do not like them, they are not that pleasant, but they do stop them licking a wound. So, if a dog has had an operation or got an injury, afterwards you can put the collar on that just stops it licking the wound. Now they are not designed to be left on all the time. You need to be with the dog the whole time that they are on and then you need to be a little bit... Just make sure if you are out and about with a dog on a lead, do you really need to have the collar on? You see the dog is in the park with collars on them there. Maybe times like that you could take it off. Because they are on a lead, you are leading them, you are watching them the whole time, so there is no chance of them actually licking a wound.

When you look at the three main types, now this is the more traditional type of collar. It is a plastic cone. This one you can see through. Some of the older ones you could not actually see through. They often come in different colours in there as well. You can adjust it by just moving this along and pushing the clips in place. And all you do is just clip those into place so that it just holds it there. Now there are different sizes and they can secure on to their collar, just for safety as well. Putting these on to a dog, it is often easier if you just come through from behind, because if you come through from the front then they are going to see the collar and be a bit more scared. If we just pop this through and it just goes around the neck and once it is on you can just clip it in place and then you can reassure the dog. That is the standard sort of Elizabethan Collar. You can see how it will stop her from licking anything, but also how much it can distress her. She has lost her peripheral vision and it can start getting very stressed. 

Now she is not quite so worried about it. But the other problem with them sometimes is as you do the clips up, they make quite a thudded sound, so that can also stress nervous dogs. Remember a dog that you are putting this in on has had an operation, so you need to try and keep it calm. So, you can pop that on and it has got little collar clips on there as well.

The next type is this. It is called the Soft E-Collar, and it works in a similar way, but it is a soft material, so it is supposed to be more comfortable for them. The way this would work is you would slide this over their face. Now that is the next problem with them because once you slide something over their face, that is going to be a bit more stressful for them. I am not sure whether she will let us do this but... She is pretty good. Yeah, just slide it over and then it will hold there. See, she has now got a lot more peripheral vision. She can see me, but she really does not want that on, so I will just take that off. This type of collar works well. It has got securing on here, but you have got to make sure you do not over tighten it, because it is a pull type thing, and obviously it is around the neck, so you need to make sure they are safe.

Now the type we have found is probably better in many cases is this one. What we have got here is an inflatable ring. If you open the zip up, you will see it is just an inflatable ring and this little valve there that you can blow the air into it. And the way this works is very similar. What it does not do is it does not take away their peripheral vision. With this, you can apply that round. It just secures in place with Velcro, and it will stop her pulling her head round to lick the wound, not if it is on the front legs or something like that, but it can help that. But also, she can see me, and it is quite comfy. In fact, wearing one of these is very similar to the things you wear on the plane if you want to keep your head upright. But it is not causing any problem, not causing distress and I think she quite likes that one. This is another type of collar and these are used quite a lot now by vets. Just take that off and bring that around.

Choose which one you need. Now if you are going to be using one of these it is highly likely that the dog has had an operation or been to the vet. It is not the sort of thing you would normally put on yourself unless there is a real reason for it. So, you can get advice from your vet on the best type of collar, but now you know different types. Then always ask your vet for the right one that you think is going to be best for your dog.