Advanced Pet First Aid Level 3 (VTQ)

137 videos, 6 hours and 55 minutes

Course Content

Commercial Tourniquets for Dogs

Video 64 of 137
3 min 4 sec
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Up until now, we have not been able to use a tourniquet on a dog because they are not designed to go around the small sizes of the leg of a dog while the commercial tourniquets are far, far too big, whereas, with the STAT tourniquet, it works in a different way. So, what you have got is a simple strap with two-millimetre increments and it works the same as a cable tie, so you can pull it tight and because it is so small, it will go around the small leg of a dog.

There are two key types: The orange one and the blue one. The blue one is for training use only, so we can apply that onto the leg here. The orange is the one you actually use. So let us have a look at the tourniquets to start with. So it is quite simple, you can take the packaging out, comes with the instructions. Also, this instruction is printed on the actual tourniquet itself. So you just literally can unravel it. If you have a look through here, you can actually see the instructions just deep down here and what you need to do. It does not have a picture of a dog, it has a picture of a human because these are standard pieces of kit used in any medical application.

All you are doing with them, you turn them around and you literally just poke that through the hole to fix it in place. And on here as well, there is a little timer and you just literally push that down and it activates so you can actually see when the tourniquets were put on.

If we switch over to the blue one, what we are doing with them is just putting it a few inches above the site of the injury, and this is only used with catastrophic injuries. So for example, with this injury here, if there are lots of lots of blood coming out, we could not control it any other way or if there is an amputation and again we couldn't control the bleeding, that is the only time we would use these. These are not to be used just generally for any cut, only for the real catastrophic bleeding situations.

So we can apply it over the leg, and all you do is just pull it over and you pull it tight. Now, you can pull it as tight as you can and the idea is to stop the bleeding, so pull it and you'll see the blood that will pulse out and that will start to stop pulsing, and that will mean that the bleeding has stopped. Now, it's crucial at this stage to get the animal to the vet as quickly as possible. Not only if they have lost a lot of blood but also you put the tourniquets on there which is constricting any other blood flow going through. The key thing with this is once you put them on, do not remove them because the bleeding hasn't been cured, it's only the blood flow that stopped. If you release this, it's just going to start bleeding again. The vet will need to deal with the injury itself.

Phone the vet first to make sure that they are ready and tell them what has happened. Also, note the actual time to tourniquet was applied. The STAT has a  timer mark built-in. Hopefully, by applying a tourniquet effectively you are going to keep the blood in the body, therefore, the chance of shock is going be reduced, you are going to reduce the amount of blood loss and hopefully save the limb to be dressed up properly by the vet and treated, and hopefully, the dog will go through full recovery without losing its leg.