Advanced Pet First Aid Level 3 (VTQ)

137 videos, 6 hours and 55 minutes

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Pets and haemostatic dressings

Video 60 of 137
4 min 53 sec
English
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Now haemostatic dressings are a dressing that reacts with the blood and actually help for a catastrophic bleed. The haemostatic dressings are used widely in the military and the medical services because they are a very fast, easy way of stopping bleeding. Now, we are going to have a look at some products here. Now, some of them are especially designed for pets and others not so, but you could use them. But we will explain some of the differences between them. Now, to start with, we have got a substance called Celox. Now Celox is a substance that would react with the blood, and basically, it forms a plug within the wound. It is available in different formats. This is what they call a Z-Fold gauze. And we will have a look at how that works in a second, there is also a granule, and the granule is something which you could just identify where the source of the bleeding is, pour the granules in on top, apply direct pressure, and around about three minutes, it will react to the blood and hopefully should stop the bleed. Now, the downside of using Celox granules, if it is a windy day or the dog is moving a lot, it is going to be quite hard to get those granules into the wound, but there is a solution.

If you are dealing with something like a knife wound into an animal, then this is the Celox granules, the same as in the packet, this is what they call a Celox applicator. So what you got here, is the granules in here, so you should just take the blue cap off, and you can insert that straight into the hole, and then it is a plunger on the end, and you can push that into the animal. Now, if you think about what we are doing, we got a knife wound on the animal, and then we are inserting this piece of plastic into the wound, it is going to be very, very distressing for the dog, painful, and also extremely distressing for you, but we are dealing with a catastrophic bleed, so we need to make sure we can stop that bleed, so this is an option.

Now, another option can be the use of Celox gauze, and this is pretty much what I use. There is two types, there is standard and the rapid. The standard sets in around about three minutes, and the rapid in one minute. And what it is, it is a Z-Fold. So what I have got here is just this same gauze, this is our training pack, so you see how it packs nice and tight. With this, it is not a bandage that goes around something, you actually pack it into the wound. This is where first-aid can get quite gruesome, but it is necessary because you have got to remember with all these treatments were dealing with, it is catastrophic bleeding. So with this, you can hold the dressing, then you can literally push it into the wound itself, and with one hand, you can take the feed on it, and the other hand, just push it right in. So we are trying to force it in because the whole point of this is to force this dressing into the wound, to pack it out, and then as it is in there, the blood will react with the dressing and form a complete bung.

So what we would do with it is apply all of that in as best we can straight into the wound. If there is any leftover, you can just leave it on top. You would then apply pressure for three minutes, or if it is the rapid, for 60 seconds, then gently remove your hand just to see whether you have taken the... If it has set solid, that it has stopped the bleeding. Then you would apply another bandage over the top to hold it in place. You can take the empty wrapper and tuck it under the bandage so that the vet knows exactly what you have done, and also note the time you have put it on because this information the vet will need. So this is one option.

And roughly how that sets. So when you got the granules themselves, they set. And this is just an example of stuff we have put into a piece of water, so it is literally just water, and this is quite hard, it is one we have used as a sample, but it shows that these granules just can literally set extremely solid.

So we have looked at the standard haemostatic dressings, but there is also an alternative which has been specially designed for pets, and this is the Collaclot. This works slightly differently because it is a collagen sponge, so 100% of the sponge inside the pack is exactly what is going to stop that bleed. It also not only... These products just bung up the hole effectively, whereas this one will actually wrap with the blood and it promotes the clotting cascade in the body. So it is not only working at the site where this goes on, it is promoting clotting inside the body. The other advantage of this is you can pack it the same way as this, but it is a lot easier because it is a single sponge. You can tear it, you can add it on to any area, but also, this is one of the only products which you can actually put on the outside. So if the animal has got a cut, you can literally put a piece of this on the outside of that cut, and again, it will work the same way. So even relatively small cuts. You could even use it if you cut the claws and they go too far, that can help to promote healing. So it is another product. Well, we will have a look at Collaclot in other videos.

Finally, all these products, they are available on the ProTrainings store, which is firstaidonline.co.uk or at the bottom of any of our websites. But if you are after something that you do want to have to deal with a catastrophic bleed, I would recommend the Collaclot because it is especially designed for pets.